The Tonkawa language was traditionally spoken in present day Central Texas. Tonkawa is classified as a language isolate, meaning it has no known linguistic relatives.
Selected Language Information
Hoijer, Harry. 1933. Tonkawa: An Indian Language of Texas. In Handbook of American Indian languages, Vol. 3. Boas, Franz (ed.) New York: Columbia University.
Hoijer, Harry 1946. Tonkawa. In Linguistic Structures of Native America. Harry Hoijer et al. 289-311.
Hoijer, Harry 1949. An Analytical Dictionary of the Tonkawa Language. Publications in Linguistics 5. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Hoijer, Harry 1972. Tonkawa Texts. Publications in Linguistics 73. Berkeley, CA: University of California.
Sample Archival Materials in the Native American Languages Collection
Rhoten, Gale (Speaker), Rudolph Troike (Interviewer), Muriel Saville-Troike (Recorder). 1983. Gale T. Rhoten (Tonkawa), interviewed by Rudolph Troike, Tonkawa, OK, 07/25 – 07/26/1983. General Field Collection. Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History Department of Native American Languages. Media: audio/video. Catalog Number: GEN-223.
Haas, Mary R. (author). 1960. Some Genetic Affiliations of Algonkian. General Field Collection. Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History Department of Native American Languages. Media: manuscript. Catalog Number: GEN-397.