At the time of contact, the Caddoan bands (Kadohadacho, Natchitoches, and Hasinai) lived near the Red River and its tributaries throughout Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. The Caddo language is a member of the southern branch of the Caddoan language family. Related languages include Wichita, Kitsai, Pawnee, and Arikara.
Selected Language Information
Chafe, Wallace. 1977. Caddo Texts. In Caddoan Texts. Douglas R. Parks (ed.) International Journal of American Linguistics- Native American Texts Series Vol. 2. 27-43.
Chafe, Wallace. 1979. Caddoan. In The Languages of Native North America: Historical and Comparative Assessment. Campbell, Lyle and Marianne Mithun (eds.) Austin and London: University of Texas Press. 213-235.
Chafe, Wallace. 2005. Caddo. In Native Languages of the Southeastern United States. Hardy, Heather K. and Janine Scancarelli (eds.) Lincoln: University Press. 323-350.
Melnar, Lynette R. 2004. Caddo Verb Morphology. Studies in the Native Languages of the Americas. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Parks, Douglas R. 1979. The Northern Caddoan Languages: Their Subgrouping and Time Depths. Nebraska History 60: 197-213.