The Otoe language was first encountered in Nebraska and Iowa. The Missouria joined the Otoe at the end of the 18th century. Otoe-Missouria and Iowa (Ioway) are members of the Chiwere branch of the Siouan-Catawban language family.
Selected Language Information
Daily, Truman. 1970. Oto Words: 12p. Unpublished manuscript for language class study.
Daily, Truman and Jill D. Hopkins 1992. Native American Church Songs of the Otoe-Missouria and Ioway. Proceedings of the 1992 Mid-American Linguistics Conference and Conference on Siouan – Caddoan Languages, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.
Good Tracks, Jimm G. 1972. Pagranaha Wawagaxe: A First Book, An Introduction to the IowaOtoe Indian Language. Topeka, KS: Indian Center of Topeka.
Good Tracks, Jimm G. 1992. Baxoje-Jiwere-Nyut’aji- Ma’unke: Iowa-Otoe-Missouria language. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study of the Languages of the Plains and Southwest, Department of Linguistics, University of Colorado.
Whitman, William. 1947. Descriptive Grammar of Ioway-Otoe. International Journal of American Linguistics Vol. 13: 233-48.