At the time of contact, Shawnee speakers were located in Ohio, but the Shawnee moved often throughout their history. The Shawnee now reside in three groups (the Shawnee, the Absentee Shawnee, and the Eastern Shawnee) in Oklahoma. Shawnee is a member of the Central Algonquian branch of the Algic language family. Closely related languages include Meskwaki and Kickapoo. More distantly related languages include Myaamia, Potawatomi, and Menominee.
Selected Language Information
Alford, Thomas Wildcat. 1929. The Four Gospels of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the Shawnee Indian Language. Xenia, Ohio: Galloway.
Andrews, Kenneth. 1994. Shawnee Grammar. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, Columbia.
Chrisley, Ronald L. 1992. An Introduction to the Shawnee Language. North Baltimore, Ohio.
Costa, David J. 2001. Shawnee Noun Plurals. Anthropological Linguistics Vol. 43: 3. 255-287.
Gatschet, Albert S. 1885. Shawano Words, Sentences, and Texts. Gatschet Manuscript 615 Vol. 1.
Voegelin, Carl F. 1935. Shawnee Phonemes. Language Vol. 11: 23-37.