Echinoids (sea urchins) are echinoderms. They have a globe-, heart- or disk-shaped skeleton of interlocking plates of calcium carbonate that is covered by a thin layer of skin. The mouth area is on the underside and the anus varies in position. All echinoderms have tiny tubular structures called tube feet that may act as tiny walking legs or are used in feeding or in extracting oxygen from seawater.